Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements in a way that would make a subject distinct or stand out.
- Rule of thirds – imaginary lines that divide the frame into divisions. By principle, a subject is better-off near the intersection of the lines – not on the dead center of the frame or canvass.
- Rule of odds - this suggests that subjects with odd quantity (1,3,5,7,9, etc.) is more interesting to look at than an even-numbered subject
- Rule of space - to apply the illusion of movement by putting white spaces in front of the subject.
- Simplification - gives focus to the subject by minimizing unnecessary or distracting elements into the fram.
- Geometry and Symmetry - proper usage of shapes can make a subject stand out. It is said that triangles are pleasing to the eyes, given the right perspective and usage.